Adolf Hitler


Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was an Austrian-born German politician and the leader of theNational Socialist German Workers Party , commonly known as the Nazi Party. He was Chancellor of Germanyfrom 1933 to 1945, and served as head of state as Führer und Reichskanzler from 1934 to 1945.

A decorated veteran of World War I, Hitler joined the precursor of the Nazi Party (DAP) in 1919, and became leader of NSDAP in 1921. He attempted a failedcoup d'etatknown as theBeer Hall Putsch, which occurred at theBürgerbräukellerbeer hall in Munichon November 8–9, 1923. Hitler was imprisoned for one year due to the failed coup, and wrote his memoir, "My Struggle" (in GermanMein Kampf), while imprisoned. After his release on December 20, 1924, he gained support by promotingPan-Germanism,anti-semitism,anti-capitalism, and anti-communism with charismaticoratoryand propaganda. He was appointed chancellor on January 30, 1933, and transformed theWeimar Republic into theThird Reich, asingle-partydictatorshipbased on the totalitarian and autocratic ideology of Nazism.

Hitler ultimately wanted to establish aNew Orderof absolute Nazi Germanhegemonyin continental Europe. To achieve this, he pursued a foreign policywith the declared goal of seizing Lebensraum ("living space") for theAryan people; directing the resources of the state towards this goal. This included the rearmament of Germany, which culminated in 1939 when theWehrmacht invaded Poland. In response, the United Kingdom and Francedeclared war against Germany, leading to the outbreak ofWorld War II in Europe.
Within three years, German forces and their European allies had occupied most of Europe, and most ofNorthern Africa, and theJapanese forceshad occupied parts of East and Southeast Asiaand the Pacific Ocean. However, with the reversal of the Nazi invasion of theSoviet Union, the Allies gained the upper hand from 1942 onwards. By 1944, Allied armies had invaded German-held Europe from all sides. Nazi forces engaged in numerous violent acts during the war, including the systematic murder of as many as 17 million civilians, including an estimated six million Jews targeted in the Holocaustand between 500,000 and 1,500,000 Roma, added to thePoles, Soviet civilians, Soviet prisoners of war, people with disabilities, homosexuals,Jehovah's Witnesses, and other political and religious opponents.
In the final days of the war, during the Battle of Berlin in 1945, Hitler married his long-time mistress Eva Braunand, to avoid capture by Soviet forces, the two committed suicide less than two days later on 30 April 1945.
While Hitler is most remembered for his central role in World War II and the Holocaust, his government left behind other legacies as well, including the Volkswagen, the Autobahn,
jet aircraft and rocket technology.